Green space with trees

Find out more about how multifunctional vegetation affects our daily life. Green spaces with trees help with water retention and runoff, contain valuable shelter for insects and birds, and reduce temperature through evapotranspiration while providing shadow. For example, in the urban forest, we can find natural shelter and rest for our eyes in the city.

Key characteristic

Green space with trees reduce air pollution in the city. According to WHO Environment and Health Information System and their guidelines for air pollution, more than 80% of the population in European cities are exposed to exceeded levels of air pollution (PM10) levels.

Key characteristic

Green spaces with trees can mitigate high temperatures in dense city areas. Green spaces can be 0.94°C cooler than grey areas of the city.

Explore green space with trees:

Find out more about how green spaces with trees can help urban systems, how they work with different challenges, and interact with diverse stakeholders.

Impact ranking 

  1. Wellbeing
  2. Water flow management
  3. Biodiversity
  4. Heat mitigation
  5. Water quality mitigation
  6. Air Pollution Removal
  7. Carbon sequestration
  8. Noise mitigation


Browse through the NBS projects of green urbanism.

Browse through the latest projects uploaded to the Nature solutions platform.

Trees as Infrastructure

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Hasselager New Forest

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Other NBS categories

Green space with few trees

Hybrid space

Blue space